Publications & Patents

Google Scholar & Patents

          @Indicates corresponding author(s)

*Denotes equal contribution



Md Reyazul Islam, Marina Anderson-Youngblood, Hye-In Kim, Ivonne González-Gamboa, Andrea Gabriela Monroy-Borrego, Adam A. Caparco2, Gregory V. Lowry, Nicole F. Steinmetz@, Juan Pablo Giraldo@. 2024. DNA delivery by virus-like nanocarriers in plant cells. Nano Letters

Zuyang Ye, Chen Chen, Licheng Cao, Zepeng Cai, Christina Xu, Hye-In Kim, Juan Pablo Giraldo, Antonios G. Kanaras, Yadong Yin@. 2024. Reversible Modulation of Plasmonic Coupling of Gold Nanoparticles Confined within Swellable Polymer Colloidal Spheres. Angewandte Chemie

Gregory V. Lowry@, Juan Pablo Giraldo@, Nicole F. Steinmetz, Astrid Avellan, Gozde S. Demirer, Kurt D. Ristroph, Gerald J. Wang, Christine O. Hendren, Christopher A. Alabi, Adam Caparco, Washington da Silva, Ivonne González-Gamboa, Khara D.Grieger, Su-Ji Jeon, Mariya V. Khodakovskaya, Hagay Kohay, Vivek Kumar, Raja Muthuramalingam, Hanna  Poffenbarger, Swadeshmukul Santra, Robert D. Tilton, Jason C. White. 2024. Towards Realizing Nano-enabled Precision Delivery in Plants. Nature Nanotechnology

Emma McKeel, Hye-In Kim, Su-Ji Jeon, Juan Pablo Giraldo, Rebecca Klaper@. 2024. The effect of nanoparticle surface charge on freshwater algae growth, reproduction, and lipid production. Environmental Science: Nano


Su-Ji Jeon, Yilin Zhang, Leticia Meza, Christopher Castillo, Peiguang Hu, Benjamin Therrien, Gregory V. Lowry, Juan Pablo Giraldo@. 2023. Targeted delivery of sucrose-coated nanocarriers with chemical cargoes to the plant vasculature enhances long-distance translocation. Small

Su-Ji Jeon*, Peiguang Hu*, Kyoungtea Kim*, Caroline Anastasia*, Hye-In Kim, Christopher Castillo, Colleen Ahern, Joel A. Pedersen, Howard Fairbrother, Juan Pablo Giraldo@. 2023. Electrostatics control nanoparticle interactions with model and native cell walls of plants and algae. Environmental Science & Technology

Gregory M. Newkirk, Su-Ji Jeon, Hye-In Kim, Supreetha Sivaraj, Pedro De Allende, Christopher Castillo, Robert E. Jinkerson@, Juan Pablo Giraldo@. 2023. DNA delivery by high aspect ratio nanomaterials to algal chloroplasts. Environmental Science Nano

Yilin Zhang, Liye Fu, Michael R Martinez, Hui Sun, Valeria Nava, Jiajun Yan, Kurt Ristroph, Saadyah E Averick, Benedetto Marelli, Juan Pablo Giraldo, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Robert D Tilton, Gregory V Lowry@. 2023. Temperature-Responsive Bottlebrush Polymers Deliver a Stress-Regulating Agent In Vivo for Prolonged Plant Heat Stress Mitigation. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering

Yilin Zhang, Michael R Martinez, Hui Sun, Mingkang Sun, Rongguan Yin, Jiajun Yan, Benedetto Marelli, Juan Pablo Giraldo, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Robert D Tilton@, Gregory V Lowry@. 2023. Charge, Aspect Ratio, and Plant Species Affect Uptake Efficiency and Translocation of Polymeric Agrochemical Nanocarriers. Environmental Science & Technology

Juan Pablo Giraldo@ & Sebastian Kruss. 2023. Nanosensors for monitoring plant health. Nature Nanotechnology


Israel Santana, Su-Ji Jeon, Hye-In Kim, Md Reyazul, Christopher Castillo, Gail H.F. Garcia, Gregory M. Newkirk, Juan Pablo Giraldo@. 2022. Targeted Carbon Nanostructures for Chemical and DNA Delivery to Plant Chloroplasts. ACS Nano

Kyoungtea Kim, Su-Ji Jeon, Peiguang Hu, Caroline M Anastasia, William F Beimers, Juan Pablo Giraldo@, Joel A Pedersen@. 2022. Sulfolipid density dictates the extent of carbon nanodot interaction with chloroplast membranes, Environmental Science: Nano

Yilin Zhang, Liye Fu, Su-ji Jeon, Jiajun Yan, Juan Pablo Giraldo, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Robert D Tilton, Gregory V Lowry@. 2022. Star Polymers with Designed Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging and Agent Delivery Functionality Promote Plant Stress Tolerance. ACS nano

Robert Nißler, Andrea T Müller, Frederike Dohrman, Larissa Kurth, Han Li, Eric G Cosio, Benjamin S Flavel, Juan Pablo Giraldo, Axel Mithöfer, Sebastian Kruss@. 2022. Detection and Imaging of the Plant Pathogen Response by Near‐Infrared Fluorescent Polyphenol Sensors, Angewandte Chemie

 Liza M Roger@, Joseph A Russo, Robert E Jinkerson, Juan Pablo Giraldo, Nastassja A Lewinski. 2022. Engineered nanoceria alleviates thermally induced oxidative stress in free-living Breviolum minutum (Symbiodiniaceae, formerly Clade B). Frontiers in Marine Science


Newkirk M, De Allende P, Jinkerson R, and Giraldo JP@. 2021. Nanotechnology approaches for chloroplast biotechnology advancements. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12


Zhang Y, Fu L, Li S, Yan J, Sun M,  Giraldo JP, Matyjaszewski K, Tilton RD, and Lowry GV@. Star Polymer Size, Charge Content, and Hydrophobicity Affect their Leaf Uptake and Translocation in Plants. 2021. Environmental Science & Technology, 2021, 8 (11), 3294-3311

Heng Zhou, Honghong Wu, Feng Zhang, Ye Su, Wenxue Guan, Yanjie Xie, Juan Pablo Giraldo@, Wenbiao Shen@. Molecular basis of cerium oxide nanoparticle enhancement of rice salt tolerance and yield. 2021. Environmental Science Nano, 8, 3294-3311


Santana I, Hu P, Jeon S, Castillo C, Tu H, and Giraldo JP@. 2021. Peptide Mediated Targeting of Nanoparticles with Chemical Cargoes to Chloroplasts in Arabidopsis Plants. Bioprotocols, 11 (12), e4060-e4060



Wu H*, NiBler R*, Morris V, Herrmann N, Hu P, Jeon SJ, Kruss S@, Giraldo JP@. 2020. Monitoring plant health with near infrared fluorescent H2O2 nanosensors. Nano Letters


Selvaggio G, Preiss H, Chizhik A, NiBler R, Mann F, Lv Z, Oswald T, Spreinat A, Erpenbeck L, Grosshans J, Giraldo JP, Kruss S@. 2020. Exfoliated near infrared fluorescent nanosheets with ultra-high photostability and brightness for biological imaging. Nature Communications


Santana I, Wu H, Hu P, Giraldo JP@. 2020. Targeted delivery of nanomaterials with chemical cargoes in plants enabled by a biorecognition motif. Nature Communications


An J, Hu P, Li F, Wu H, Shen Y, White J, Tian X, Li Z , Giraldo JP@. 2020. Molecular mechanisms of plant salinity stress tolerance improvement  by seed priming with cerium oxide nanoparticles. Environmental Science Nano


Hu P, An J, Faulkner MM, Wu H, Li Z, Tian X, Giraldo JP@. 2020. Nanoparticle charge and size control delivery efficiency to plant cells and organelles. ACS Nano


Hofmann T@, Lowry GV@, Ghoshal S, Tufenkji N, Brambilla D, Dutcher JR, Gilbertson L, Giraldo JP, Kinsella JM, Landry MP, Lovell W, Naccache R, Paret ML, Pedersen JA, Unrine JM, White JC, Wilkinson KJ. 2020. Technology readiness and overcoming barriers to sustainably implement nanotechnology-enabled plant agriculture. Nature Food


Giraldo JP@, Wu H, Newkirk GM, Kruss S. 2019. Nanobiotechnology approaches for engineering smart plant sensors. Nature Nanotechnology (14): 541-553.


Wang JW, Grandio EG, Newkirk GM, Demirer GS, Butrus S, Giraldo JP@, and Landry M@. 2019. Nanoparticle-mediated genetic engineering of plants. Molecular Plant (12): 1037-1040


Spielman-Sun E, Avellan A, Bland G, Tappero R, Acerbo A, Unrine J, Giraldo JP, Lowry G@.  2019. Engineering nanoparticle surface charge influences uptake, translocation, and leaf distribution in vascular plants with contrasting anatomy. Environmental Science Nano (6): 2508-2519



Wu H, Shabala S, Shabala L, Giraldo JP@. 2018. Hydroxyl radical scavenging by cerium oxide nanoparticles enhances leaf mesophyll K+ retention improving Arabidopsis salinity tolerance. Environmental Science: Nano (5): 1567-1583


  Selected as one of the top 10% of papers published in Environmental Science: Nano


Newkirk G*, Wu H*, Santana I, Giraldo JP@. 2018. Catalytic plant ROS scavenging in vivo by anionic sub-10 nm cerium oxide nanoparticles. JOVE (138), e58373, doi:10.3791/58373


Li JM*, Wu H*, Santana I, Falghren M, Giraldo JP@. 2018. Standoff optical glucose sensing in photosynthetic organisms by quantum dot fluorescent probe. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 10 (34): 28279-28289


Wu H, Zhang X, Giraldo JP, Shabala S. 2018. It is not all about sodium: revealing tissue specificity and signalling roles of potassium in plant responses to salt stress. Plant and Soil 431 (1-2): 1-17


Kwak SY, Giraldo JP, Lew TTS, Wong MH, Liu P, Jung Y, Koman VB, McGee MK, Olsen BD, Strano MS. 2018. Polymethacrylamide and carbon composites that grow, strengthen and self-repair using ambient carbon dioxide fixation. Advanced Materials 30: 1804037


Djanaguiraman M, Nair R, Giraldo JP, Prasad PVV. 2018. Cerium oxide nanoparticles decrease drought induced oxidative damage in sorghum leading to higher photosynthesis and grain yield. ACS Omega 3 (10): 14406-14416



Kwak SY, Giraldo JP, Wong MH, Koman V, Lew TT, Ell J, Weidman M, Sinclair R, Landry M, Tisdale W, Strano MS. A Nanobionic Light Emitting Plant. Nano Letters 17 (12): 7951-7961


Wu H, Tito N, Giraldo JP@. 2017. Anionic cerium oxide nanoparticles protect plant photosynthesis from abiotic stress by scavenging reactive oxygen species. ACS Nano 11 (11): 11283-11297


Highlighted in Nature Nanotechnology News. 2018.  J. White and J. Gardea-Torresdey (13), 627-629


Koman VB, Lew TTS, Wong MH, Kwak SY, Giraldo JP, Strano MS. 2017. Persistent Drought Monitoring Using a Microfluidic-Printed Electro-Mechanical Sensor of Stomata in planta. Lab on a Chip (17): 4015-4024


Wu H*, Santana I*, Dansie J, Giraldo JP@. 2017. In vivo Delivery of Nanoparticles into Plant Leaves. Current Protocols in Chemical Biology (9): 269-284



Wong MH*, Giraldo JP*, Kwak SY, Sinclair R, Koman V, Strano MS. 2016. Nitroaromatic Detection and Infrared Communication in Wild-Type Plants using Plant Nanobionics. Nature Materials (16): 264-274


Highlighted in Nature News. 2016. (539), 8


Wong MH, Misra R, Giraldo JP, Kwak SY, Son YW, Landry MP, Swan JW, Blankschtein D, Strano MS. 2016. Lipid Exchange Envelope Penetration (LEEP) of Nanoparticles for Plant Engineering: a Universal Localization Mechanism. Nano Letters (16): 1161-1172



Giraldo JP*, Landry MP*, Kwak SY, Jain RM, Wong MH, Ben-Naim M, Strano MS. 2015. A ratiometric sensor from single chirality carbon nanotubes: Application to in vivo monitoring. Small (11): 3973-3984


Strano MS and Giraldo JP. 2015. Plant nanobionics: Turning plants into technology. Physics World.



Giraldo JP, Landry MP, Faltermeier SM, McNicholas TP, Iverson MN, Boghossian AA, Reuel NF, Hilmer AJ, Sen F, Brew JA, Strano MS. 2014. Plant nanobionics approach to augment photosynthesis and biochemical sensing. Nature Materials (13): 400-408.


Highlighted in Nature Materials News. 2014. G. Scholes and E. Sargent (13), 329 – 331



Giraldo JP@, Wheeler JK, Huggett BA, Holbrook NM. 2013. The role of leaf hydraulic conductance dynamics on the timing of leaf senescence. Functional Plant Biology 41 (1): 37-47.


Boghossian AA, Sen F, Gibbons BM, Sen S, Faltermeier SM, Giraldo JP, Zhang CT, Zhang J, Strano MS. 2013. Application of nanoparticle antioxidants to enable hyperstable chloroplasts for solar energy harvesting. Advanced Energy Materials 3 (7): 881-893.



Giraldo JP@ and NM Holbrook. 2011. Physiological mechanisms underlying the seasonality of leaf senescence and renewal in seasonally dry tropical forests trees. Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests: Ecology and Conservation. R. Dirzo, H. Young, H. Mooney and G. Ceballos. Washington DC, Island Press: 129-140.



Kursar TA, Engelbrecht BMJ, Burke A, Tyree MT, El Omari B, Giraldo JP. 2009. Tolerance to low leaf water status of tropical tree seedlings is related to drought performance and distribution. Functional Ecology 23 (1): 93-102.


Zhang YJ, Meinzer FC, Hao GY, Scholz FG, Bucci SJ, Takahashi FSC, Villalobos-Vega R, Giraldo JP, Cao KF, Hoffmann WA, Goldstein G. 2009. Size-dependent mortality in a neotropical savanna tree: the role of height related adjustments in hydraulic architecture and carbon allocation. Plant Cell and Environment 32 (10): 1456-1466.


2003 - 2006

Laurance W, Nascimiento H, Andrade A, Ribeiro JE, Giraldo JP, Lovejoy T, Condit R, Laurance S. 2006. Rapid decay of tree-community composition in Amazonian forest fragments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 103 (50): 19010-19014.


Giraldo JP. 2003. Change in vegetation cover of the tropical rain forest of National Natural Park Tinigua, Colombia. Perez Arbelaezia, Journal of the Bogota Botanical Garden, Colombia.  14: 9-24.



Juan Pablo Giraldo Gomez, Peiguang Hu, Israel Santana, Gregory Newkirk, Honghong Wu. Compositions comprising a nanoparticle, a molecular basket comprising cyclodextrin, and a chloroplast-targeting peptide and methods of use thereof. US11186845B1


Juan Pablo Giraldo Gomez, Suji JUN, Philippe Rolshausen, Leticia MARSHALL. Compositions and methods for targeted delivery of chemicals and biomolecules to plants and fungi. WO2023168125A1


Giraldo JP, Wu H, Tito N. Nanoceria augmentation of plant photosynthesis under abiotic stress. US utility patent. Filed June 23, 2017. 


Strano MS, Giraldo JP, Kwak S, Wong MH. Method for self-powered detection of nitroaromatics using a wildtype plant. US provisional patent. Filed December 3, 2015.


Strano MS, Kwak S, Giraldo JP, Wong MH. Nanobionic light emitting plants. US provisional patent. Filed November 4, 2015.



Giraldo JP, Strano MS, Landry MP. Ratiometric and multiplexing sensors from single chirality carbon nanotubes. U.S Patent 62/052,767. Filed September 19, 2014.


Giraldo JP, Strano MS, Landry MP, Faltermeier SM. 2011. Nanobionic engineering of organelles and photosynthetic organisms. U.S. Patent 61/903,520 filled November 13, 2013. International patent PCT/US2014/050127. Filed August 7, 2014.